Burnout syndrome and cardiovascular somatic symptoms in nurses from a health facility in the Distrito Federal

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EnfermerasClara Ivette Hernández Vargas
Arturo Juárez García
Elena  Hernández Mendoza
José Antonio Ramírez Páez

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Abstract

Burnout syndrome and cardiovascular somatic symptoms in nurses from a health facility in the Distrito Federal

Introduction: Burnout syndrome is relatively often present in personnel who work in health facilities as an affective psycho- social response of showing oneself emotionally exhausted; it is manifested through negative attitudes and feelings toward workers. Cardiovascular diseases are de most significant among the produced physical alterations.

Objectives: 1) To identify the level of Burnout Syndrome within a group of nurses in a health facility in the Distrito Federal; 2) To determine the relation between Burnout Syndrome, cardiovascular somatic symptoms, and blood pressure measurements. Methodology: In 109 nurses Bournout score was assessed through Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBIG-S) Core ver- sion with two subscales: emotional tiredness(0.85) and deperso- nalization (0.78); a questionnaire of cardiovascular symptoms and a protocol of estimated points of blood pressure at work. Results: 67{20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} of nurses were predominant with medium Burnout score; low and high levels were represented with 19{20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} and 14{20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} respectively. It was obtained a significant correlation (r=348 p≤=0.01) between the cardiovascular symptoms and Bournout syndrome, as well as with the component of emotional tiredness (r=374 p≤=0.01). The relation between blood pressure and Burnout Syndrome it did not show significance.

Conclusions: The significant relation between cardiovascular symptoms and Burnout syndrome showed subjectively a first manifestation of cardiovascular disea- se which can be physically exposed latter. In the case of emotional tired- ness and cardiovascular symptoms, a hypothesis is founded: as long as phy- sical and emotional tiredness are per- ceived in and by working, there is an increment in presence of cardiovas- cular disease.

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