Desgaste profesional en médicos familiares y su asociación con factores sociodemográficos y laborales


Desgaste Profesional José Raymundo Rodríguez-Moctezuma
Juan Manuel López-Carmona
María Luisa Peralta-Pedrero
Catarina Munguía-Miranda

Elizabeth López-León

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social

Objective: to determinate the prevalence of burnout in family physicians of the Family Medicine Units in the Estado de México and its association with labor and socio demographics factors.

Material and methods: a transversal study was made in five Family Medicine Units. 154 physicians of both sex participated in this study. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) which measures the burnout in its three dimensions:

emotional fatigue (EC), depersonalization (DP) and personal realization (PR), was applied by self-administration. Sociodemographic and labor details were obtained.

Results: response rate was 85. A high CE was significantly associated to inadequate physical area, OR 3.9 CI 95 {20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} 1.5-10.6; to work load OR 7.6 IC 95 {20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} 1.6-50.7 and to lack of labor incentives OR 4.4 IC 95 {20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} 1.7-11.9 depersonalization was associated only with salary OR 2.6 IC 95 {20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} 1.05-6.4.

Conclusions: family physicians of Mexican Institute of Social Security have labor factors that are associated with burnout that can affect patient’s attention.

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