Repercusiones Psicológicas del Estrés Laboral en los Profesionales Sanitarios que Trabajan en los Equipos de Transplantes


Repercusiones Psicológicas el Estrás en los Profesionales Sanitarios que Trabajan en los Equipos de TransplantesPérez-San Gregorio MA,
Martín-Rodríguez A,
Gallego-Corpa A,
Correa-Chamorro E,
Pérez-Berna J.

Facultad de Psicología. Departamento de Personalidad,
Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológicos, Sevilla.
Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío.
Unidad Sectorial de Coordinación de Trasplantes, Sevilla.

Nursing staff who work in Transplant Teams suffer a high level of stress. Therefore, this
investigation aims to: (1) firstly, to analyse which working situations are the most stressful for
this group, (2) secondly, to analyse in members of nursing staff who suffer the most depression
and/or anxiety which situations they find the most stressful, and (3) thirdly, to analyse the relationship
that exists between work-related stress and the symptoms of depression and/or anxiety.
Our sample was made up of 18 nurses who worked in the Emergency Operating Theatre and
were part of the Transplant Team at the Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, in Seville. This
group was divided into two subgroups according to their levels of depression and/or anxiety
(low or high). We used a Psychological Questionnaire and the following battery of psychological
tests: a Questionnaire about Work-Related Stress in Nursing, a Depression Inventory and an
Inventory of Situations and Answers to Anxiety. The most significant results were the following:
(1) the cause of most stress for nursing staff is the “contact with pain and death”, (2) the professionals
who suffer the greatest levels of depression and/or anxiety are those who feel the most
tension in situations such as “contact with pain and death” and “confrontations with patients
and their relatives”, and (3) there is a correlation between work-related stress and symptoms of
depression and/or anxiety. Finally, we propose a programme to psychological intervention to
help these professionals to cope with work-related stress.