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Síndrome de Burnout en el Profesional de Enfermería que Labora en Áreas Criticas

Síndrome de Burnout en el Profesional de Enfermería que Labora en Áreas criticasYessenia Gamonal Mosaurieta
Carmen García Vargas
Ines Silva Mathews

Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú.

The Burnout’s syndrome, is a state of tiredness or frustration made by the lack of recompense expected, after an effort dedicated, preceded by an stage of lack of motivation, production and inefficacy; these situation is one of the main causes of deterioration of job conditions, increase of accidents and labour absenteeism. Objective: to determine the existence of Burnout’s syndrome among nurses of critical units from a children health institution. Material and methods: the study was quantitative – descriptive and cross –sectional, made in five services of critical areas of a
health institution level III; population was formed by 132 professional nurses with a participation of 105 following inclusion and exclusion criteria; to data collect it was used the self-applied questionnaire of Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) in translated and validated version in Peru; through personal interviews and deliver of instrument in close envelop; data analysis was made through descriptive statistic with univariated and bivariated analysis with the help of SPSS v. 13. Results: 78.1{20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} had Burnout’s syndrome trend, mainly low level in all dimensions: depersonalization, emotional tiredness 66.7{20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} and personal performance 65.7{20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586}; al nurses showed low personal performance; however, at surgical room and emergency they showed emotional tiredness in a medium level as well (30.4{20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} and 33.9{20a60b73a1cda07ce2433237b967754d6e53d5d16fc2e14f7e109f91f7e5e586} respectively). Conclusion: high Burnout’s syndrome trend with low personal performance in all critical areas, especially surgical room.

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