Arturo Juárez García
There is no doubt that the current process of globalization results in the generation of new work systems that are crucial for the health and well-being of workers worldwide. In 1984 ILO/WHO expert meetings on psychosocial factors concluded that various aspects of work organization infl uence the health and the performance of working people and, therefore, constitute a problem necessitating caution and prevention.
In recent years, in a very consistent way an extensive body of investigations carried out mainly in U.S and Europe have shown that psychosocial factors and stress do not only represent a problem of well-being in itself, but are also related to diverse problems of chronic health, including mental health disorders such as burnout, depression, as well as cardiovascular disease and hypertension, which in turn are main causes of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. In fact, the European Agency for Safety and Health from the European Union has targeted work-related stress as the main priority for the next decades.